The two types of brick most commonly used for construction are pressed clay bricks and wire-cut bricks. While the production and use of bricks have encountered a dramatic decline since the middle of the last century, clay bricks are still used in building houses and have remained a popular part of construction since they can still be used in different parts of houses that are otherwise made of other materials.
Pressed Clay Bricks
Pressed Clay Bricks are clay bricks that recesses on either of its surfaces. These recesses are called frogs and pressed clay bricks generally have a deep frog in one bedding surface and a shallow one in the other.
In engineering work, the pressed clay bricks are laid with the recessed part of the brick facing up (frog up, as they call it) for maximum strength. This method of placing the bricks also increases the walls mass and increases sound proofing.
Wire-Cut Clay Bricks
Wire Cut Bricks are clay bricks that have three to four holes in them. They can be laid either way, and requires less mortar for the bedding. Mortar is made from mixing lime, sand and cement and water.
The Uses of Clay Bricks
The different types of brick offer a versatile way of working with bricks in constructing different structures. From retaining walls, to houses, to large buildings such as churches, the different types of brick provide a great way for home owners and house builders to create beautiful and lasting structures.
Sometimes having a smooth and texture-less wall or surface is too bland for your taste. By using these types of brick, you can add more texture and character to your walls.
Creating a decorative texture for your surfaces is as simple as using the different bonds or patterns such as the Flemish or Dutch Bond, which is historically considered as the most decorative bond. Other patterns include, Monk Bond, Stretcher Bond, American Bond, English Bond, Garden Wall Bond and Rat-Trap Bonds.
When used in walls that are only one brick thick, these bonds serve only as decorative. However, for double-thickness walls, these bonds strengthen the double layers of the walls.
Modern structures do not rely as heavily on clay bricks as did structures made in the past. Now, modern structures use metal beams for support and other non-load bearing materials for their walls. However, since bricks are able to provide a raw looking beauty to any structure, brick walls and other surfaces are used to create accents in the buildings.
Due to their versatility, clay bricks are obviously here to stay for a long time, providing beauty and character to any structure, whether that be for sound-proofing, building an outer wall, or providing accents to any structure.